Gelsemium is a genus of flowering plants in the family Gelsemiaceae. The most well-known species in this genus is Gelsemium sempervirens,

1. Plant Appearance: Gelsemium sempervirens is a woody, evergreen vine native to the southeastern United States. It features fragrant, trumpet-shaped yellow flowers and glossy leaves.

2. Toxicity: While Gelsemium sempervirens is visually attractive, it is highly toxic if ingested, as it contains alkaloids that can affect the nervous system.

3. Traditional Use: Native American tribes historically used Gelsemium sempervirens in traditional medicine, although with caution due to its toxicity.

4. Homeopathic Medicine: In homeopathy, Gelsemium sempervirens is used as a remedy for certain symptoms, particularly those associated s with weakness and fatigue.

5. Neurological Effects: The plant's toxins primarily affect the nervous system, leading to symptoms such as muscle weakness, tremors, and paralysis.

6. Flowering Period: Gelsemium sempervirens typically blooms in late winter to early spring, producing clusters of fragrant, yellow flowers.

7. Habitat: It thrives in a variety of environments, including forests, swamps, and along riverbanks, often climbing trees or other structures.

8. Propagation: This plant can be propagated through cuttings and is sometimes cultivated as an ornamental vine due to its attractive flowers.

9. Pollinators: In its native habitat, Gelsemium sempervirens is often visited by pollinators such as bees and butterflies, which help with fertilization.

10. Cautions: Due to its extreme toxicity, individuals should never ingest or handle any part of the Gelsemium sempervirens plant.